Use DD to Clone Linux Hard Drive
*** NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DATA LOSS, USE AT YOUR OWN RISK!!! ***
DD can be used a number of ways. It can be used both online and offline, although usually offline, this is a brief walkthrough of using in on an online system. MAKE A BACKUP of HOME, ROOT, VAR, ETC, all you other important directories before proceeding, 10 seconds of backup can save hours on a reload, this part is all YOUR responsibility
this additionally will not work on a heavily used system, or a system with DATABASES. If you are in that scenario, you should shutdown, boot a liveCD and then run the commands so the filesystem is not active
65GB Primary Hard Drive (sda)
95Gb Secondary i want to make primary (sdb)
login as root
umount -l all mount points to save time
do fdisk -l to list all hard drives
here’s my two hard drives, SDA and SDB
here’s the basic command MAKE SURE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT DRIVES IN THE RIGHT ORDER, otherwise you will overwrite your primary drive with a blank drive, and have nothing. 🙂 –AGAIN, NOT RESPONSIBLE IF YOU DO THIS!!!!!! ITS ALL ON YOU!!!!
this may take a while, and won’t give any output (unless you have errors on the drive, or it cannot read/write)
you may notice that your CPU usage is high during this time
now i’m going to shutdown
from here i’m going to remove the SDA hard drive from the system, and leave ONLY SDB
BAM! booted up with Zero Errors, let’s double check the boot log to be sure
looks good, all greens!
That’s it! You have successfully DD’d Linux
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